Rats the most successful mammal on the planet alongside Humans.
In Galway we have two Rat species Brown Rat (Rattus Norvegicus) and the Black Rat (Rattus Rattus), the Brown Rat is the more common it is also known as the street rat and sewer rat, Both species are nocturnal by nature, but can be active and sighted during daylight hours.
Measuring up to 40cm in length the brown rats tail is shorter than the head and body 28cm, weighing up to 500g they can live undisturbed on our streets in our sewers and more worrying within our homes, properties and businesses for up to 3 years.
Life Cycle and Diet
They generally have 3/6 litters per year producing up to 14 pups per litter, and they in turn reach sexual maturity approx 5 weeks. So if you put all that together under ideal conditions the population can grow from 2 to 15,000 in just one year.
The brown rat is omnivore but will eat almost anything, cereals are preferred eating 50g of food per day and water is a requisite needing 60ml per day to survive.
Black Rats are more inclined to climb, but all Rats are well adapt to climbing, the Brown Rat prefers ground living and burrowing close to a food source and water. They are very adaptive and can be found living in Attics, basements, wall cavities sewers overgrown gardens also turf and wood piles.
Signs Of Intrusion
Rats produce approx 40/50 droppings per night, the size of a grain of rice, droppings are darkish brown in colour and tapered at both ends, they tend to leave droppings in the same area, unlike mice where droppings are found almost everywhere and are smaller in size. Grinding and scratching noises are usually a sign of intrusion, they will chew on wires woods etc as a way of keeping their teeth in good healthy condition.
By denying Rats access to food sources water and shelter in and around our homes and businesses we can get on with our lives free from the Stress, health and damage risks that come with a pest intrusion. A tidy home (less clutter less hiding places) external and internal, rubbish and bins always securely covered and outside home. Cut down overgrown garden areas, check your home for entry points pipes etc 0.5″ inch gap is enough space for Rats to enter our homes.
Rats carry many nasty diseases, these are usually passed on by contact with Rats urine, Weils disease, Salmonella and Toxoplasma examples of health risks, but for Commercial business owners there is also your Business Reputation, staff morale, and revenue loss,
Let Galway Pest Services (GPS) help you with any issues caused by Rats in your home or Business, We provide the most professional tailored solutions at the keenest rates in Galway City and County.